Volver a la explicación del ejercicio
En el ejercicio de hoy tenéis que identificar que párrafos (a-i) hacen referencia a las tres subsecciones habituales de la sección de Research Method en un artículo científico: participantes, materiales, y procedimiento. Además tenéis que identificar el orden lógico de los párrafos relacionados cn cada una de las subsecciones. La fuente del artículo es Carmen Muñoz and David Singleton. “Foreign Accent in Advanced Learners”. EUROSLA Yearbook 7 (2007): 171-190.
Escribid las letras de los párrafos correspondientes en los huecos.
a) L2 speech was elicited by means of an oral film-retelling task, which was judged by the researchers (and the participants) to be cognitively demanding, but which nevertheless yielded spontaneous data.
b) Before hearing the critical extracts, the judges first heard three practice items in order that they could become familiar with the type of material they were going to have to judge.
c) They all have Spanish and/or Catalan as their L1, and have a high command of one, two or even three more languages in addition to English.
d) Also participating in the study were two groups of native speakers of Irish English.
e) The informants are twelve female advanced learners of English with an average age of learning (AOL) – defined here as the age of initial substantial immersion in English – of 22.5 (range 18-28) and an average length of residence (LOR) in an English-speaking environment of 10 (range: 6-20).
f) An extract from each of the non-native and native participants, seventeen in all, was transferred to a CD for presentation (in randomized order) to the judges.
g) The first groups comprised five native speakers – with a similar age, sex and education profile to the non-native speaker group – who functioned in the study as the control group.
h) The judges were asked to rate each extract on a 5-point scale, where 0 meant a very strong foreign accent and 4 meant no foreign accent.
i) A second group of four native speakers of English acted as judges, blindly rating the oral production of the learners and the native speakers.